Many careers today are sedentary, that includes a damaging influence on our health, increasing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and coronary disease. The London bus research in the 1950s showed that employees with sedentary careers (bus drivers) had much higher levels of heart disease compared with employees with active jobs (bus conductors). Our work conditions can increase stress, that leads to poor mental health. That is partially because of higher workloads creating increased pressure and also because, through technological advancements, work more and more encroaches on personal time. Keeping employees healthy can be an important consideration for employers, with an ageing labor force especially.
Previous research shows much healthier employees are more successful and are less likely to take sick leave. The total results of place of work exercise studies have been blended, however. Some studies record improvements altogether physical activity levels and cardiovascular fitness. Others have reported limited benefits on metabolic health and on work productivity – the latter being important to convince employers of the benefits of these interventions. The brand new study, published in The Lancet Public Health, allocated 314 employees to a six-month “lifestyle programme” randomly, focusing on regular physical exercise, or to a control group where participants weren’t given any specific lifestyle suggestions.
All the individuals had metabolic syndrome – a cluster of conditions, such as high blood circulation pressure, high blood sugars and harmful weight, that have a tendency to occur collectively and increase a person’s threat of type 2 diabetes, heart stroke and disease. The approach to life programme group received an individualised package of support to help them achieve the German government’s guidelines for exercise – 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise weekly. The concentrate of the involvement was on increasing organised exercise, such as fitness center classes and sport, than just increasing overall daily physical activity rather.
The lifestyle programme group also received behavioural support, such as individualised exercise training schedules, a task tracker for monitoring improvement and revising goals, regular chats with a sports scientist via an app, and monthly face-to-face meetings with the extensive research team. By the end of the six months, the intervention group showed greater improvements in fitness, fasting blood sugar, waistline bloodstream and circumference pressure weighed against the control group.
This shows that the intervention reduced the severe nature of their metabolic syndrome. But the noticed changes were smaller than would be expected with supervised lab-based exercise training. The exercise group improved their productivity, with the best improvements observed in employees who showed the highest improvement in fitness. However, this was measured by self-report questionnaire and there are clear limitations to this method.
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Adherence to the exercise programme was saturated in this trial. On average, individuals achieved 147 minutes of the 150-minute physical activity target. It is important to consider why this is the situation and whether this may be replicated on the much larger size. But given that it was such a complex multi-component support bundle, it is difficult to tease out which particular elements-or combinations of elements-contributed to the high adherence and therefore the improved health, well-being and productivity of the individuals.
A overview of work environment interventions using pedometers only has shown mixed results on exercise and health. But lots of the technology-enabled behavior change techniques used in this scholarly research, such as goal-setting, self-monitoring and feedback, have been proven to work for increasing physical exercise when used in combination with counselling. This is not the situation always, though. A big study found that adding a wearable physical activity monitor to a counselling-based weight-loss intervention hampered people’s initiatives to lose excess weight.
In contrast, another study discovered that giving people a pedometer increased physical activity whether or not further counselling support was provided from a health care practitioner. Complex interventions my work because different elements of the program are effective for differing people, driving up the overall effect. Put another real way, we may expect individual responses for every of the elements.